Based on an article published in the New York Times in 1902, the work combines a hand-woven tapestry and video piece to tell the true story of a panther, who escaped from the Bronx Zoo and, after struggling with the police, dove into the Bronx River and swam to his freedom. Accompanying events comment on Michaeli's work, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Black Panther movement in the US and/or the 45th anniversary of the Mizrahi Black Panther movement, and celebrating the circulation of Black Panther imagery across movements globally.
The First Century showcases the UJA Federation of New York's 100 year history (1917 - 2017) of achievement and impact - a period spanning the most major events in Jewish history, from the large waves of Jewish immigration to the U.S. in the early 1900s, World War I, the Great Depression,World War II and the Holocaust, to the creation of the State of Israel, the Six Day War and Yom Kippur War, Ethiopian and Soviet Jewry, the fiscal crisis in New York, 9/11, and Hurricane Sandy, among others. The exhibit features a timeline documenting UJA-Federation's allocation of funds to social service, medical and Jewish cultural organizations in New York and Israel and to imperiled Jewish communities abroad - created by AJHS with materials from the organization's own collection that it has processed and archived.
Atlanta Collects features exquisite works that normally reside in private Metro Atlanta homes, and are rarely seen by the public. Experience original ceramics, beautiful blown glass, and notable painted works that incite the senses and challenge thought. Included are works by Richard Jolley, Sandy Skoglund, Radcliffe Bailey, and many more.
The relationship between dance and visual arts has been an ongoing theme in the field at least since Edgar Degas' iconic ballerina paintings and bronzes. Artists such as Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse designed ballet sets for the early twentieth century Ballets Russes; in addition, there has been a mutual influence between dance and performance art, epitomized by the innovative work of the late German choreographer Pina Bausch. These collaborative projects echo The CJM's Havruta program's goals. The sixth iteration of the In That Case series brings together a Bay Area visual artist, Kota Ezawa, and the San Francisco born and raised contemporary dancer, James Kirby Rogers, now part of The Houston Ballet II. Ezawa's and Rogers' project takes inspiration from filmic dances like Fred Astaire's shadow dance sequence in Swing Time (1936) and the collaboration between video artist Nam June Paik and choreographer Merce Cunningham
The exhibition, co-curated by CJM Assistant Curator Pierre-François Galpin and independent curator Lily Siegel, presents work by twenty-four artists who grapple with memories that are not their own. This exhibition expands on the groundbreaking work by Dr. Marianne Hirsch on postmemory. There are many forms of memory: memories we have experienced, memories we have heard as family stories and from popular culture, even memories from an imagined future. Through their work, these artists search, question, and reflect on the representation of truths related to ancestral and collective memory-ultimately attempting to deal with their own past.
Expanding on the contemporary art exhibition From Generation to Generation: Inherited Memory and Contemporary Art's focus on recollections and reconstructions of the past, The Yud Video Project's theme is memory. Artists of all backgrounds were encouraged to submit their videos of five minutes or less to be shown in the stunning Stephen & Maribelle Leavitt Yud Gallery.
The first comprehensive career survey and solo museum exhibition devoted to the New York-based contemporary artist, Cary Leibowitz. Since the early 1990s Leibowitz has carried on with an interdisciplinary practice that turns a critical eye on subjects of identity, modernism, the art market, queer politics, and kitsch. In his comically self-effacing text-based works, for which he is best known, he mixes his obsessions with popular culture and fine art with elements of social commentary, institutional critique, and stand-up comedy.
The exhibition includes 15 paintings executed in metalpoint and colored gesso by Susan Schwalb, who has been working in the centuries-old technique since 1973. She began experimenting with silverpoint after encountering the medium unexpectedly via an artist friend and has emerged as one of its foremost masters today. Work from three series are included in this exhibition-Harmonizations (2015), Intermezzo (2015-2016), and Polyphony (2013-2016)-each of which derives its title from musical terminology.
Numbers are integral to Jewish rituals, belief, significant historical dates, and daily life. Numbers and numerology have been at the core of Biblical understanding since the Bible was codified and possibly before. Inescapable, numbers are the global language of humanity. More than fifty contemporary artists illuminate the meaning of numbers and their symbolism through a broad range of artistic media.
Floridian Jews have been involved in all aspects of the fashion industry, designing, manufacturing and dressing and influencing the local and international scene in all types of clothing from beachwear to ball gowns. From the now- 95 year-old Sylvia Whyte designer, whose children’s clothing brought the likes of Debbie Reynolds, Frank Sinatra and Zsa Zsa Gabor flocking to her Miami Beach store in the 1950s, to an 11 year-old entrepreneur now embarking on her first clothing line incorporating her grandfather’s artwork into her designs, Floridian Jews have created a large footprint on this industry. With iconic brands like Perry Ellis and Chico’s, climate-influenced guayaberas, golf shirts and Florida furriers, to funky wearable art and bikinis and belts made out of local snakeskins, this exhibit will surprise and inspire you!
In 1939, Paul Strnad wrote to his American cousin seeking help for him and his wife Hedy to escape Nazi-occupied Czechoslovakia. Nearly 60 years later, the Strnad family discovered the letter in their basement, along with a packet of Hedy's dress designs. Hedy and Paul Strnad did not survive, but their story is brought to life through the contemporary creation of Hedy's designs and the piecing together of this couple's history. An original exhibit created by and on loan from Jewish Museum Milwaukee.
The Remembering Auschwitz project combines four unique exhibits into one innovative experience: A Town Known As Auschwitz: The Life and Death of a Jewish Community (developed by the Museum of Jewish Heritage / A Living Memorial to the Holocaust); Architecture of Murder: The Auschwitz Birkenau Blueprints (from Yad Vashem); Loss and Beauty: Photographs by Keron Psillas; and Memory Reconstruction: A Sacred Culture Rebuilt, An Art Installation by Lori Shocket
The Jewish Museum presents the first U.S. exhibition focused on French designer and architect Pierre Chareau (1883-1950). Showcasing rare furniture, light fixtures, and interiors, as well as designs for important projects in Europe and America, including the famous Maison de Verre in Paris and the Robert Motherwell House in East Hampton, Long Island, the exhibition will bring together rarely-seen works from major public and private collections around the world.
explore German Jewish writer Walter Benjamin's The Arcades Project, about Paris's nineteenth-century iron-and-glass vaulted shopping passages and its ongoing relevance through works of contemporary art representing the subjects of each of the book's thirty-six chapters by artists including Walead Beshty, Andrea Bowers, Chris Burden, Lee Friedlander, Andreas Gursky, Mike Kelley, Collier Schorr, Cindy Sherman, Taryn Simon, and James Welling (here).
Enter the colorful, fantastical world of visual artist, musician, composer, and performer Charlemagne Palestine (b. 1947) with an immersive, site-specific installation of hundreds of teddy bears and other plush toys influenced by the artist's Brooklyn Jewish roots.
Never before the creation of the State of Israel did Jews of so many origins live together, and in such a stimulating environment, as they did in the land they soon started calling in Hebrew i-tal-yah, an "Island of Divine Dew".
Created from the early-modern period and into the present, shiviti manuscripts are found in Hebrew prayer books, ritual textiles, and on the walls of synagogues and homes throughout the Jewish diaspora. Wrestling with ways to externalize the presence of God in Jewish life, these documents center upon the graphic representation of God's ineffable four-letter Hebrew name, the Tetragrammaton, and associate it with words and imageries that evoke mystical powers, protective energy, and angels, as well as key places and characters in Biblical and Jewish history.
The work of Roman Vishniac (1897-1990), a Russian-born photographer most notable for documenting eastern-European Jewish life in the years immediately preceding the Holocaust, has been celebrated in exhibitions and publications since the 1940s. Following the photographer's death, his daughter, Mara Vishniac Kohn, became the executor of Roman Vishniac's estate. In 2007, the Roman Vishniac Archive was established at the International Center of Photography (ICP) in partnership with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Its collections comprise over thirty thousand objects spanning more than six decades, and include more than nine thousand unprinted negatives, recently discovered vintage photographic prints, film footage, and personal correspondence.
Mirlea Saks is a Maine-based artist who specializes in bold sculpture and innovative three-dimensional acrylic paintings: Scaintings. In Saks's Scaintings an immigrant's wry celebration of American life offers a sharp view of our society's tropes.
Randy Fein is professional ceramic sculptor and potter, whose career spans forty years of artistic expression with clay in Maine. "Clay is my material of expression," she says. "It inspires touch, while offering infinite possibilities. I work in the moment; my hands are my tools. I scratch, pinch, push, and press; seeking to discover the life within the shapeless mud. Over the years, I have mastered the technical challenges of finding my way with clay, enabling me to express spontaneity with fluid forms, vivid glazes, and complex textures that all continue to captivate my senses."
In 2007, Philip Isaacson wrote, "This gathering of photographs is more than an encomium to a place - it is a consideration of the visual smells that give Portland its character. An intimacy with the details of its fabric blended with fresh thoughts about old sentimental places offers us an image of a community that in the silent moments selected by the photographer is irresistible."
Through video, 3-D structures and 157 black-and-white photographs, the exhibition shows how ordinary people risked everything to fight for equality in the 1960s while also asking, "who can right the injustices that continue to spark anger across the country today?" Said Maltz director Ellen Rudolph, "Much like cellphone video and digital media is doing today, these photographs helped catapult longstanding racist practices into the national consciousness, and their power is undeniable." (Image by Matt Herron)
Celebrate five decades of preserving and sharing the legacy of Jewish art, history and culture in Tulsa with an exhibition showcasing artifacts from the original donations in 1966 including beautifully handcrafted objects of Judaica and archeology.
This exhibit exemplifies the Museum's mission by showcasing the diverse collection of Jewish artists who defied all odds and were able to share their voices through art. From Moses to Chagall and from Fried to Knigin, the Museum's collection is full of refugee imagery and artists.
For one month the galleries at the Sherwin Miller Museum of Jewish Art are filled with hundreds of masks created by Tulsa area school children. The masks are juried by a panel of local art experts in six separate age divisions with all masks competing for the "Best of Show" award.
The Museum at Eldridge Street presents an exhibition of vintage postcards of Central and Eastern European synagogues from Prague-based collector Frantisek Bányai. These remarkable images depict a world that was all but destroyed during the Second World War.
In 1945, a former convent near Dachau named Kloster Indersdorf became a temporary home for hundreds of displaced children in the immediate aftermath of World War II. To help locate relatives, a photograph was taken of each child to be circulated in search notices. Many of the children had changed markedly during the war, and some had even lost their names. The exhibition displays a selection of the images and their individual stories, conveying the powerful reality faced by these children.
1917 looks back 100 years to explore how the dramatic events of a single year brought about fundamental changes in American politics and culture that reverberated throughout the world and still impact us today. 1917 is the first exhibition to demonstrate how three key events--America's entry into World War I, the Bolshevik Revolution, and the signing of the Balfour Declaration--brought about political, social, and cultural changes that reshaped the United States' role in the world.
Ritual Unmoored features six noted Oregon Jewish artists who fashion vessels, abstract or figurative sculptures, and wall pieces, to reimagine the ritual object, and other traditional forms. Sponsored by the Oregon Jewish Museum and Center for Holocaust Education and Portland State University's College of the Arts and curated by Willa Schneberg, the exhibition includes work by Patricia Berman, Linda Bourne, Betty Feves, Kenneth Pincus, Willa Schneberg, and Maria Simon. At PSU Broadway Gallery, Lincoln Hall, Ground Floor; 1620 SW Park Avenue, Portland, OR
Voices of Wisdom, in the new Ground Level Arts Lab, showcases new works created by Spertus Institute's inaugural cohort of the Midwest Jewish Artists Lab. This year-long initiative brought together twelve distinguished local artists for workshops, study, and critiques. During the course of the program, each participant was charged with creating an artwork or series around the theme of wisdom. The resulting work encompasses a remarkable array of media and approaches. Through technical skill and thoughtful engagement, the artists reinvent rituals, personalize liturgy, and capture the ever-changing face of Jewish life. (Image: Judith Joseph)
Born in Berlin in 1930, Frankfurther escaped to London with her family in 1939. After graduating from art school, she moved to whitechapel in London's East End, taking as her subject the ethnically diverse, largely immigrant population - West Indians, Cypriots, and Pakistanis - among whom she lived and worked
The exhibition of paintings, posters, prints, drawings, cartoons, book illustrations, sculptures, and oral testimony explores issues of identity and migration. Among the 22 artists are Frank Auerbach, Heinz Koppel, John Philipp, Hans Schleger aka Zero (here), Elisabeth Tomalin, and Harry Weinberger.
The CJM is pleased to present the only appearance of Roz Chast's Cartoon Memoirs retrospective exhibition outside of New York and Massachusetts. Chast is one of the most celebrated and beloved cartoonists working in the United States today; she has been publishing with The New Yorker since 1978. Her 2014 graphic memoir Can't We Talk About Something More Pleasant? deals with the difficult subject of caring for aging parents.
The 613 is a major painting project by Archie Rand presented at The CJM for its debut outside New York City. In traditional Jewish texts 613 rules for ethical and religious behavior are asked of all Jews. Rand's exhibition includes one painting for each one of the 613; they are acrylic on canvas paintings (20 x 16 in.) arranged in a huge grid comprising 1700 square feet.
From Generation to Generation: Inherited Memory and Contemporary Art presents work by twenty-four artists who grapple with memories that are not their own. There are many forms of memory: memories we have experienced, memories we have heard as family stories and from popular culture, even memories from an imagined future. Through their work, the artists in this exhibition search, question, and reflect on the representation of truths related to ancestral and collective memory-ultimately attempting to deal with their own past.
Grounded in the description in the biblical Book of Genesis that the world came into being through a series of divisions-light and darkness, day and night, sea and land, animals and human beings-this exhibition explores how individuals and communities maintain their distinctiveness, yet also reach across divides. The artists address boundaries that may be physical or spiritual, exist in law or in tradition, and traverse secular and religious life as they confront issues of gender, geographies and Jewish, cultural and national identities. Featured artists: Andi LaVine Arnovitz, Tova Beck-Friedman, Siona Benjamin, Ken Goldman, Tamar Hirschl, Sara Klar, Lea Laukstein, David Moss, Laura Murlender, Flo Razowsky, Andrea Robbins and Max Becher, Ben Schachter, Ruth Schreiber, Angela Strassheim, Ahuva Winslow, and Pavel Wolberg.
In Hilary Tolan's exhibit, "Floating World" the viewer enters a realm of manipulated landscapes. Photographs of dense forests are countered by ethereal drawings of trees and landscapes. The drawings, which utilize graphite, gouache, and walnut ink, are distilled from photographs of woods the artist often visits. They are pared down and edited to the essentials of trunk, limb, branch, leaf, stone, lichen and roots. Exposed roots seem to float in the uninhabited space of the picture plane. There is no figurative ground for them to hold on to. Drawings are delicate and show minute detail that asks the viewer to step close, to look carefully, and to slowly enter this quiet earth place.
Chasing Dreams celebrates baseball and the many fans, players, and characters who helped shape our American story. Every triumph and defeat, every hero on and off the field, has become another chapter in the history we all share. And for immigrants and minority groups especially, it has played a crucial role in understanding, and sometimes challenging, what it means to be American.
Paintings from Holocaust survivor Fritz Hirschberger's Sur-Rational series, in dialogue with works by eleven contemporary artists - all translating history, experience and art into expression that communicates across generations. In partnership with the University of Minnesota's Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
Visual artist Rowan Pope collaborated with middle school students at Beck School to create a book of 17 stories with evocative art, all communicating the harrowing experiences of Holocaust survivor Joe Grosnacht (now 93) as he survived numerous work camps and concentration camps, including Auschwitz and Buchenwald.
Photographer Keron Psillas layers her original photos to illustrate a conversation between fear, searching, and sadness, showing the power of beauty and love to overcome darkness and evil. While photographing historic Holocaust sites, Psillas found beauty among the loss and devastation. This beauty can offer a light to dispel the darkness, if only for a brief time.
Organized by the Westmont Ridley-Tree Museum of Art in Santa Barbara, CA, this exhibition features 22 Rembrandt etchings of Jewish and biblical subjects and a drawing by Pieter Lastman, Rembrandt's teacher. Also on view will be two Rembrandt etchings from the B'nai B'rith Klutznick Collection of the Cincinnati Skirball Museum.
This pop-up exhibition is a panel version of the large-scale exhibition organized by the National Museum of American Jewish History. The exhibition includes photos, labels, and interactives that explore the central role that our national pastime has played in the identity of Jews and other minority communities.
Warren Hellman (1934-2011) was an investment banker, philanthropist, musician, and music enthusiast who believed in the importance of community arts. He may now be best recognized for the Hardly Strictly Bluegrass Festival (HSB), which he founded in 2001. Held annually in Golden Gate Park, the free festival draws more than 700,000 people. The exhibition centers on film footage from HSB's archive of live performances-making hundreds of hours available to the general public for the first time. Also included: resonant personal objects like Hellman's Star-of-David rhinestone studded jacket and signed banjo. Hellman was a distinctly San Franciscan iconoclast and uniquely Jewish figure.
Co-presented with Reboot, this interactive installation allows visitors to contribute their own Six-Word Memoir to a live stock ticker on view in the lobby of The CJM. Take a seat on our Arne Jacobsen swan sofa and use Twitter on your smart phone to instantly add your Six-Word Memoir to the live feed. The Reboot installation on Jewish life is based on SMITH Magazine's Six-Word Memoirs, a project inspired by Ernest Hemingway's legendary shortest of short stories, "For sale: baby shoes, never worn." This succinct form has become a powerful tool to catalyze conversation, spark imagination, or simply break the ice.
Sacramento-based artist Dave Lane's Lamp of the Covenant, a ninety-foot long, 12,000-pound installation, suspended overhead as visitors enter The Contemporary Jewish Museum (The CJM). Lane's work is the first major commissioned installation to appear in The CJM's Koret Taube Grand Lobby. The artist's body of work mixes recycled and sculpted steel, old tools and Edison bulbs, globes and utensils in an astonishingly modern way. Chief Curator Renny Pritikin, who commissioned the installation for The CJM, says, "When I first saw Dave's work in 2006, I was blown away. I had never seen anything quite like it in my life." Lamp of the Covenant ties in themes celebrated in Lane's body of work, including the ideas of creation, how the lamp signifies the presence of the divine, and how light embodies the human relationship with the cosmos.
In 1940, all Jewish residents of Efringen-Kirchen in Southern Germany were deported to France and then sent on to Auschwitz. German-American artist Trimpin's Pour Crever commemorates the seventy-fifth anniversary of these tragic events. In this installation of suspended water tanks, a computer-controlled mechanism developed by the artist releases sheets of water which spell out the names of the deported residents of his town; they fall through space and disappear forever into the pool below.
Based on the Talmudic principle of havruta-the study of religious texts by people in pairs-In That Case at The CJM repurposes the practice by pairing visual artists with established professionals in another field of their choosing. San Francisco-based artist Jenny Odell and stylist and window designer Philip Buscemi partner on The Bureau of Suspended Objects, an investigation into the ways we invest and divest values into and from material goods, and ultimately, into the powers of visual merchandising.
The inaugural exhibition in the newly expanded Derfner Judaica Museum uses approximately 250 objects to explore the intersections of Jewish history and memory as they inform individual and communal identities. Among the featured objects: a silver filigree kiddush cup, ca. 1911; an early copper alloy Hanukkah lamp; from the famed Bezalel School; a set of 18th century Torah implements from Meerholz, Germany; and a velvet fish-scale embroidered matzah cover from turn-of-the-century Jerusalem.
From the first Sephardic family that settled Natchez in the late 1700s to the height of Jewish trade and business in the 1800s and the construction of the second temple in 1905, the exhibit documents the history and everyday life of Natchez's Jewish families. Extensive use of historic Henry C. Norman and BIll Aron photographs make this exhibit a fascinating cultural study. Tours are conducted year-round by appointment. Please call the Museum at (601) 362-6357.
Through oral history interviews, photographs, and archival sources, this online exhibition explores Jewish women's organization of British Columbia. It charts the history of Hadassah/CHW, Na'amat, and National Council of Jewish Women. These very dedicated volunteers made significant contributions to the city, the province, and the world. While Hadassah/CHW and Na'amat raised funds for healthcare and education projects in Israel, National Council assisted new immigrants, children, and the elderly her in BC. Through their work, these women pushed the boundaries of so-called "women's work", playing out the ambiguities that arose in the years after the Second World War in the form of Second Wave Feminism.
Morris Soskin met Rose Hyams while visiting Montreal for a Zionist convention in 1921. Before he left for his return to Vancouver, the two were engaged. As they counted down the days and hours to their wedding six months later, they wrote 275 letters to one another, expressing their love and longing. Online exhibit.
In 1950, the Canadian Pacific Railroad released a vast tract of forest stretching from 41st Avenue and Granville Street to 57th Avenue and Main Street in Vancouver. The middle third, reaching from Oak Street to Cambie Street, was soon identified for development into a residential community anchored by a commercial hub. The construction of this new neighbourhood, Oakridge, coincided with a trend of improved financial security among many members of the Jewish community. The large lots and bungalow homes of Oakridge fit the aesthetic of the post-war middle class ideal that many young families - Jewish and not - aspired to. A suburb within the city limits, this safe, quiet area was an ideal place to raise a family.
In 1916, Joseph Seidelman enlisted in the Canadian Army. Just eighteen years old, Joseph felt compelled to contribute to the war effort in Europe. While training and fighting, Seidelman regularly sent letters to his family back home in Vancouver, particularly his sister Rachel. Eighty-seven of these letters were donated recently to the BC Jewish Community Archives and earlier this year a selection of them were incorporated into an online exhibit, Letters Home.
More than 500 photos and artifacts depict the Jewish experience in Florida since the 18th century, with thematic presentations on community development, discrimination, earning a living, identity, and immigration - the acculturation process to which people of all backgrounds can relate. Personal artifacts, films, photos, timeline and contemporary art attract a universal audience and provide an engaging, up-close museum experience.
The Synagogue Speaks is an original multi-media exhibition in the newly-restored Lloyd Street Synagogue. The Synagogue Speaks tells the story of the landmark synagogue and the three immigrant congregations--two Jewish and one Roman Catholic--that occupied it.
The area surrounding the Jewish Museum of Maryland was the center of immigrant Jewish life in Baltimore in the early 1900s, but today only a few remnants of its Jewish past survive. This exhibition chronicles a place of constant change, where people of different backgrounds lived, worked, created community-and came together in the renowned Jewish market known as Lombard Street.
According to the oral tradition, the Roman emperor Titus, after capturing Jerusalem in September 70 CE, was transporting many Jews to Rome as slaves when his ship was driven by a storm onto the Albanian coast. Instead of throwing his captives into the sea, he allowed them to disembark, and they eventually made their way to the area in which loannina later was established. This exhibit marks the century since Ioannina was incorporated into the Greek state.
A visitor center and permanent exhibition at the Museum at Eldridge Street on New York's Lower East Side integrates Judaica, Yiddish signs, other artifacts, and interactive media displays to tell the story of the 1887 Eldridge Street Synagogue and the immigrant community from which it emerged.
To honor the Holocaust survivors who have volunteered their time over the past thirty years to share their painful WWII experiences at the Museum of Tolerance, the MOT engaged Pulitzer Prize-winning photographer Marissa Roth to photograph each of these ambassadors of memory, hope and tolerance.
Many people know of desegregation as it happened in the American South, but this exhibition shares the story and struggles of Latino families in Southern California almost ten years before Brown v. Board of Education. Covering the history of segregation and discrimination in California that targeted all non-White citizens, in housing, jobs, and schools, the exhibit includes the dramatic story of Mendez v. Westminster and the broad, multi-racial grassroots efforts to end school segregation in rural Orange County and elsewhere.
Inspired by the ancient flood story, which has parallels in hundreds of cultures around the world, this multi-sensory indoor and outdoor attraction invites visitors to board a gigantic wooden ark and to play, climb, build, discover, problem-solve and collaborate alongside handcrafted, one-of-a-kind animals. An innovative, delight-filled destination for children and families of all backgrounds.
Since May of 2015, the staff of the Skirball Museum has been hard at work unpacking, condition reporting, cataloguing, and photographing nearly 1500 works of art from the B'nai B'rith Klutznick Collection, now a part of the Skirball's holdings. Ten treasures from the collection remain on view, giving visitors a sneak peek at the breadth of this remarkable collection as the Museum prepares for a permanent display. This group of treasures includes antique and modern Judaica as well as 20th century paintings.
The exhibit explores the continuing impact of the most widely distributed antisemitic publication of modern times. Despite countless exposures as a fraud, the myth of a Jewish world conspiracy has retained power for Nazis and others who seek to spread hatred of Jews. Technology has now made the Protocols available via the Internet; it continues to be circulated by those promoting violence, and even genocide.
Jewish art and history museums, historic sites, historical and archival societies, Holocaust centers, children's museums, synagogue museums, community centers, and university galleries · the professionals and volunteers who work in them · the children, adults and families who visit them · the patrons who support them · the organization that keeps them vital.